- The name "Alberta" is in honour of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta.
- She was the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria.
- Alberta became a province in 1905.
THE PROVINCIAL FLAG
- The shield of the province is on a background of royal blue.
- The blue background represents the prairie skies.
- The red Cross of St. George ( patron saint of England ) is at the top.
- Below it are the snow-capped mountains, green hills, prairie and wheat fields.
- All these represent the landscape of Alberta.
- It became the official provincial flag in 1968.
THE COAT OF ARMS
- A golden lion and a pronghorn antelope are on either side of the shield.
- The lion stands for Britain and the pronghorn stands for Alberta.
- Above is a crown on a beaver; the beaver is on a helmet.
- Grass, wild roses and the motto are at the bottom.
- The motto Fortis et Liber stands for "strong and free".
THE WILD ROSE
- The floral emblem was chosen by Alberta school children.
- It grows not only in Alberta, but in many parts of Canada.
- The Wild Rose has a beautiful scent and is a pretty bright pink.
- The red berries that it produces are food for birds in the winter.
- provincial colours - blue (sky) and golden yellow (prairies)
- stone - Petrified Wood
- mammal - Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
- bird - Great Horned Owl
- fish - Bull Trout
- tree - Lodgepole Pine
- grass - Rough Fescue
1999 (updated 2011)